Tarun Reflex

December 20, 2008

Govt panel for sacking of babus if found unfit after 20 yrs service

In an attempt to make bureaucracy accountable, a radical system of assessment has been mooted by an official panel allowing government servants to be sacked after 20 years of service if they are found unfit to continue.
The Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC) headed by senior Congress leader M Veerappa Moily recommended unprecedented and far-reaching changes in the service rules of government servants and suggested two intensive reviews to make civil servants accountable.
The first of its kind report in 150 years suggests far-reaching recommendations, including removal of non performing bureaucrats and perhaps even a formal degree in public policy.
The report on ‘Refurbishing of Personnel Administration’ said the first review at 14 years would primarily serve the purpose of intimating to the public servant about his or her strengths and shortcomings, while the second review at 20 years would mainly serve to assess the fitness of the officer for further continuation in service.
“The services of public servants, who are found to be unfit after the second review at 20 years, should be discontinued. A provision regarding this should be made in the proposed Civil Services Law,” the second ARC said in its latest report released today.
To ensure better accountability, the 377-page report said that for new appointments, it should be expressly provided that the period of employment shall be for 20 years. “Further continuance in government service would depend upon the outcome of the intensive performance reviews,” it said.
“The ACR will not exist in its present form,” M Veerappa Moily, who heads the panel, told reporters at a press conference where he released the report.
In the aftermath of Mumbai terror strikes, as political heads roll, the report is being seen as the government’s effort to bring babus within the accountability umbrella.
Sensing massive public outcry, the politicians have closed their ranks to send a positive message to the people that they are united in their war on terror. Hence the pressure is on the babus to follow suit.
Following are the three key recommendations of the panel:
The officers can be removed within the 14th and the 20th year of an officer’s tenure.
To encourage bright candidates for a long stint in the services, the upper age limit is also being lowered to 25 years for general candidates.
A formal degree in public policy and management is also being proposed.
“The first review will be held after 14 years and the second one after 20 years. It will assess whether the officer is fit to continue. If the recommendations are followed it will end the politician- bureaucrat nexus,” says Administrative Reforms Commission Chairman, Veerapa Moily.
Among the high-profile bureaucrats getting to complete their tenure is the troika responsible for maintaining internal security: National Security Advisor MK Narayanan, Intelligence Bureau Chief PC Haldar and Research and Analysis Wing chief AK Chaturvedi.
“The time has come for bureaucrats to put their hand up and be counted,” says ex-IPS officer Ved Marwah.
Key recommendations:
Government servants could lose their job after 20 years of service if they failed to come up to the expectations of their superiors.
The report on ‘Refurbishing of Personnel Administration’ said the first review at 14 years would primarily serve the purpose of intimating to the public servant about his or her strengths and shortcomings, while the second review at 20 years would mainly serve to assess the fitness of the officerfor further continuation in service.
To ensure better accountability, the 377-page report said that for new appointments, it should be expressly provided that the period of employment shall be for 20 years. “Further continuance in government service would depend upon the outcome of the intensive performance reviews,” it said.
It also said that performance appraisal should be year round and provisions for detailed work-plan and a mid-year review should be introduced for all services.
Noting that a good employee performance appraisal system was a pre-requisite for an effective performance management system, the Commission suggested making appraisal more consultative and transparent.
The report said the annual performance agreements should be signed between the department minister and the secretary of the ministry or heads of departments, providing physical and verifiable details of the work to be done during a financial year.
The actual performance should be assessed by a third party with reference to the annual performance agreement, it said.
For motivating civil servants, the report said, there was a need to recognise their outstanding work.
It said selections of foreign assignments should be made on the basis of recommendations of the Central Civil Services Authority.
On disciplinary proceedings, it said the proposed civil services law should have a provision that the present oral inquiry process is converted into a disciplinary meeting or interview to be conducted by a superior officer in a summary manner without the trappings and procedures borrowed from court trials.
On relations between political executive and civil servants, the panel said there was a need to safeguard the political neutrality and impartiality of the civil services.

December 1, 2008

Time to listen to people, Mr PM

Dear Mr. Prime Minister,

I was initially reluctant to write this letter to you. But, since The Economic Times Awards for Corporate Excellence have now been postponed, and your next trip to Mumbai is shrouded in uncertainty, thereby robbing our chance for a brief heart-to-heart, I felt that this would probably be the best way to catch your attention.

With every newspaper leader writer churning out editorials full of admonishment, you might just like to read this column, by way of a pleasant diversion. This column also proposes to provide you with some counsel–unsolicited, as always.

* The first piece of advice for you would be to revisit the sixth pay commission recommendations for the armed forces. This encompasses all associated issues, such as reduction in status as well as disparity in pay scales with civilian counterparts. True, there is some merit in the argument that, as a democracy, India needs to maintain its fine civilian-military balance. It’s our strength and that should be preserved. But, that same divide is now becoming a deep rift and could pose unspeakable dangers.

At a time when the country’s security apparatus is crumbling under the weight of political and bureaucratic incompetence, the armed forces have emerged as the only reliable form of intervention, including providing expert help in pulling children out of wells and enforcing law and order in riot-torn areas. It is also true that the police force needs reforms badly, but till that happens, the military is our only source of hope, as the recent Mumbai attacks have shown.

Therefore, it’s probably time to set right some of the wrongs perpetrated by an entrenched bureaucracy interested in consolidating its hold. And, what better way to do it than providing the soldiers with some dignity and honour through better pay and improved standing. Listen to your defence minister; he seems to understand the issues.

* Talking of the police force, don’t you think now is the time to implement some long-pending reforms, such as appropriate training, modernisation of infrastructure, improved weaponry, practice of proper human relations? Here’s what you could do immediately: reduce the security detail for all ministers, including some of the criminals that the cops would like to see behind bars but have to salute because they’ve become politicians. What an irony! Any police force is raised to protect civilians from these criminals, but by a strange quirk known as Indian politics, the police end up saving the criminals from god-knows-who!

* There’s another security-related issue you must nip in the bud: Maharashtra chief minister Vilasrao Deshmukh is using this crisis as an opportunity to create another yet organisation in the state, this time a state version of the NSG. There are already multiple agencies in the state with the mandate of doing pretty much the same job. Before he can fly with his proposal—which is replete with doubtful motives—try to create zonal NSG units which will allow them to reach hot-spots faster, rather than flying half-way across the country. Their headquarters can remain in Manesar, Haryana.

* As a gentleman, it is fitting that you did not make political capital out of ATS chief Hemant Karkare’s death. But, your opponents are made of very different material. The same party leaders, who, till a few days ago, were tearing Karkare’s credentials to shreds in the Sadhvi Pragya case, lost no time in turning him into their poster boy. They are appropriating his sacrifice for their party gains. It’s the most repulsive form of politics and you may need to find a dignified response to this one. But do it fast.

* Your cabinet colleague Shivraj Patil finally had the good sense to resign. But, it might be too late, since you go to the polls in a few months and his resignation can be construed as a tacit admission of failure. There’s also a lesson in all this. If—and this is a big “if”—your party does get voted back to power six months later, even if it’s with the help of the Left Front, you should have some say in forming the new cabinet. I’ll leave it at this for now, since there are too many imponderables to consider.

* Finally, you should get yourself a new speech writer. Till then, like a good editor, wield the red pen mercilessly whenever you see the words “dastardly” and “heinous”. These words have lost all meaning from over-use and misuse. People tend to switch to other channels whenever you utter these words on national television.

Such words now routinely fail to penetrate the desensitised exterior; they bounce right off the skin without touching the right spots.

The time to listen to the people is now. Hoping that you will not bristle at these suggestions, I remain,
The Mocha Master

p.s.: As the country’s CEO, you probably do not see all your emails, much less write them yourself. If you feel agitated, amused or aghast at the audacity of this column, please do reach for the keyboard and write to rajrishi.singhal@timesgroup.com

November 29, 2008

Uttar Pradesh employees get pay parity with central government

Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Mayawati Thursday announced pay parity with the central government for the state government’s 1.8 million employees and teachers.”All state government employees and teachers of both state-run and government-aided educational institutions will receive the salaries as revised by the sixth central pay commission, with effect from January 2009,” Mayawati told mediapersons after taking the decision at a meeting of her cabinet earlier in the day.

She said: “While the new pay scales will actually come into force with retrospect from January 2006, only 20 percent of the arrears would be disbursed to the employees right away. The remaining 80 percent would go into their respective provident fund accounts.”
According to the decision taken by the state cabinet, all state government pensioners would also benefit out of the pay commission recommendations.
Besides other benefits, employees working in cities with over 100,000 people, would also be entitled to a city compensatory allowance.
Mayawati said: “Even though the pay revision would entail a heavy financial burden on the state exchequer, we had decided to meet it through mobilisation of resources.”

6th pay Commission from january in Uttar Pradesh (HINDI)


The Cabinet in its meeting held yesterday decided to increase the salaries of Judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts. This revision has been necessitated because of the increase in the salaries of the Central Government employees on acceptance of the recommendations of the Sixth Central Pay Commission. 

The Chief Justice of India will now get a salary of Rs.1,00,000/- p.m. plus Dearness Allowance(DA) thereon. Judges of Supreme Court and Chief Justices of High Courts will draw a salary of Rs. 90,000/- p.m. plus DA thereon whilst the Judges of High Court will draw a salary of Rs.80,000/- p.m. plus DA thereon. This will be effective from 01.01.2006. 40% of the arrears of salary will be given in the current financial year and the balance 60% in the next financial year.
The Government has also decided to double the existing limit of both sumptuary allowance and furnishing allowance for all the Supreme Court and High Court Judges. This will be effective from 01.09.2008.
Necessary Government order will issue after effecting amendment in the relevant legislation.


Possibly Related Posts –                


Six Pay Commission | Table of Content Other Interesting Posts

SALARY CALCULATORS for 6th Pay Commission

Subscribe to Tarun Reflex | Personal,Political and Technical by Email

November 28, 2008

6th Pay Commission from January in Uttar Pradesh

 रिजवी समिति की रिपोर्ट को स्वीकार करते हुए प्रदेश सरकार ने पहली जनवरी 2009 से राज्य कर्मचारियों को छठवें वेतन आयोग की भांति वेतन देने का फैसला आज कर ही लिया। यह फैसला मुख्यमंत्री मायावती की अध्यक्षता में हुई मंत्रिमंडल की बैठक में किया गया जिसकी जानकारी उन्होंने स्वयं अपने आवास पर पत्रकारों को दी। फैसला वैसे तो पहली जनवरी 2006 से लागू किया गया है किन्तु 30 नवम्बर 2008 तक के बकाये का 80 प्रतिशत उनके भविष्य निधि खातों में जमा होगा और 20 प्रतिशत का नगद भुगतान तीन किस्तों में किया जायेगा। मुख्यमंत्री के अनुसार इस फैसले से राज्य कर्मचारियों के साथ सहायता प्राप्त शिक्षण संस्थानों व प्राविधिक शिक्षण संस्थाओं के शिक्षक व शिक्षणेत्तर कर्मचारी लाभान्वित होंगे जो कुल कर्मचारियों का 80 प्रतिशत है। पेंशनभोगियों व पारिवारिक पेंशनधारकों को भी केन्द्र की भांति पुनरीक्षित पेंशन दी जायेगी। जिन पेंशन धारकों की आयु 80 साल या इससे अधिक है उनके बकाये का भुगतान चालू वित्तीय वर्ष में ही किया जायेगा। पेंशन सहित नया वेतनमान लागू होने से सरकार पर सालाना 4,674 करोड़ रुपये का अतिरिक्त व्यय भार पड़ेगा जबकि बकाये के भुगतान पर 13,662 करोड़ का भार अनुमानित है। इसकी प्रतिपूर्ति के लिए अनुत्पादक खर्चे कम किये जायेंगे तथा आयोजनेत्तर मद में पांच प्रतिशत की कटौती होगी। इसके अलावा सरकार अपने वित्तीय संसाधन भी बढ़ायेगी। मुख्यमंत्री ने कहा कि उत्तर प्रदेश पहला राज्य है जहां पर छठवें वेतन आयोग की संस्तुतियों के अनुरूप वेतनमान दिया जा रहा है। उन्होंने बताया कि इस रिपेार्ट के लागू होने से कर्मचारियों को कई तरह के फायदे होंगे। मसलन सामूहिक दुर्घटना बीमा योजना की धनराशि जो अभी तक 30, 60 एवं 120 हजार रुपये थी वह बढ़कर एक लाख, दो लाख और चार लाख हो जायेगी। सबसे बड़ा लाभ एक लाख या उससे अधिक आबादी वाले नगर के कार्मिकों का होगा। उन्हें भी प्रतिकर भत्ता दिया जायेगा। ड्यूटी के दौरान दुर्घटना में मृत्यु होने पर अनुग्रह राशि पांच लाख से बढ़ाकर दस लाख तथा आतंकी घटना में मारे जाने पर पन्द्रह लाख कर दी गयी है। इसके साथ दस, बीस एवं तीस साल की सेवा पूरी करने पर कर्मचारियों को क्रमश: पहला दूसरा एवं तीसरा उच्चतर वेतनमान दिया जाएगा। मुख्यमंत्री ने बताया कि केन्द्र ने वर्तमान वेतन श्रृंखला के स्थान पर संशोधित वेतन संरचना लागू करने का फैसला किया है। इस पृष्ठभूमि में राज्य सरकार ने भी 25 वेतनमान के स्थान पर 4 वेतन बैंड,18 ग्रेड वेतनमान और एक शीर्षस्थ वेतनमान देने का निश्चय किया है। महंगाई भत्ते की देयता और तिथि केन्द्र की भांति होगी अर्थात पहली जनवरी 2006 को महंगाई भत्ता शून्य होगा। इसके बाद पहली जुलाई 2006 से दो प्रतिशत, एक जनवरी 2007 से 6 प्रतिशत, एक जुलाई 2007 से 9, एक जनवरी 2008 से 12 और एक जुलाई 2008 से 16 प्रतिशत दी जायेगी। समय मान वेतनमान के स्थान पर 8 वर्ष, 16 वर्ष एवं 24 वर्ष पर पहले दूसरे एवं तीसरे स्तरोन्नयन की व्यवस्था की गयी है। शिक्षको के लिए वर्तमान में लागू चयन वेतनमान, पदोन्नति वेतनमान की व्यवस्था यथावत बनी रहेगी। सबसे अहम फैसला कर्मचारियों कों मिलने वाले मकान किराये भत्ते के बारे मे किया गया है। मकान किराया भत्ता ग्रेड वेतनवार पुनरीक्षित दर पर मिलेगा फल स्वरूप प्रत्येक कर्मचारी का मकान भत्ता वर्तमान धनराशि की तुलना में 2.2 प्रतिशत हो जायेगा। इससे सरकार पर 787 करोड़ का व्यय भार आयेगा। चिह्नित नगरों में अनुमन्य नगर प्रतिकर भत्ता औसतन तीन गुना किये जाने तथा शेष जिला मुख्यालयों व एक लाख से अधिक आबादी वाले नगरों में पहली बार प्रतिकर भत्ता देने का फैसला हुआ है। इस पर 65 करोड़ का व्यय भार आयेगा। स्वैच्छिक परिवार कल्याण कार्यक्रम को अपनाने वालों को एक अतिरिक्त वेतन वृद्धि वैयक्तिक वेतन के रूप में दी जाएगी। दो बच्चों वालों को प्रसूति अवकाश 135 दिन के स्थान पर 180 दिन कर दिया गया है तथा बाल्य देखभाल अवकाश की अवधि दो साल कर दी गयी है। यह सुविधा गोद लिये बच्चों के सम्बन्ध में भी लागू होगी।

November 26, 2008

Uttar Pradesh | Govt school staff may get allowances as per Sixth Pay Panel report

In a pre-election bonanza to 16 lakh employees in government schools, the government’s pay parity committee has advised payment of allowances as per the Sixth Pay Commission recommendations.
This will include the city compensatory allowance and house rent allowance and the revised pay scale will come into force from December 1.
This is the first time that state employees will be paid allowances on the Central scale, causing an annual burden of Rs 1,500 crore on the state exchequer.
The committee, headed by SAT Rizvi, was constituted in August by the state government to suggest measures for the implementation of the pay panel recommendations. It was to submit its report within three months.
Alok Ranjan, principal secretary of urban development and a member of the committee, said the committee has finalised its report, which will be presented to Chief Minister Mayawati when she returns from her campaign tour.
The committee has, however, made no recommendations regarding arrears and pension, which is likely to be announced during the presentation of the budget in February.
The arrears and pensions for the period of January 2006 to November 2008 would entail a one-time additional expenditure of Rs 14,775 crore. The salary arrears amount to Rs 11,051 crore and Rs 3,724 crore for pension.
The implementation will be done with retrospective effect from January 1, 2006. The additional expenditure will be Rs 5,189 crore annually, which includes Rs 3,789 crore on account of salary and Rs 1,400 crore for pension.
Welfare and development schemes are expected to suffer in consequence.
As an immediate measure, the state government has decided to cut down non-plan expenditure by five per cent, ensure effective measures to check tax evasion and mobilise additional resources.
In August, Mayawati had announced the government’s in-principle decision to implement the sixth pay panel recommendations.
But the new pay scale was to contain only the revised salary and dearness allowance. The change of stance came following strong protest by the employees’ unions.

Cabinet to decide on judges’ pay hike

The Union Cabinet is expected to take a call on the issue of hiking the salary of the Supreme Court and High Court judges on Thursday.
The cabinet is meeting amidst reports that the plan has not found favour with the Union Finance Ministry. 
As per media reports the Finance Ministry, although seems inclined to approve a hike but is unwilling to do so as per the recommendations proposed by a three-judge committee constituted by the Chief Justice of India (CJI).
Once the Cabinet takes a call on the issue, a Bill would be introduced in Parliament as the legislatures nod is required for any change in the salary structure of higher judiciary. 
Chief Justice of India K G Balakrishnan, in a letter to the ministry in July, had sought a hike of two to three times the present monthly salaries of judges of the higher judiciary.
He had pointed towards the pay revision proposal for government employees under the Sixth Pay Commission and built a case for salary hike for judges as well. The CJI, at present, gets a monthly salary of Rs 33,000. The letter had suggested raising it to Rs 1.1 lakh. 
For other apex court judges, the CJI had suggested a monthly salary of Rs 1 lakh and favoured a similar pay for Chief Justices of High Courts. The chief justice had proposed a monthly salary of Rs 90,000 for High Court judges. 
Seeking better perks, the CJI also talked about raising the medical reimbursements for judges from the higher judiciary. 

Cabinet approves pay revision for central public sector enterprises | Snowballing Effect

The Cabinet’s decision to give the go-ahead to a pay revision for the employees of central public sector enterprises (CPSE) was a given the moment the government accepted the Sixth Pay Commission recommendations for central government employees. Just as it is a given that state governments will soon have to follow through with hikes for their employees and then for employees of state public sector enterprises!
The gravy train will then move on to sundry departmental undertakings and autonomous institutions , colleges, schools and so on. Indeed, it is precisely because of the snowballing effect of any hike in government salaries that such decisions need to be taken with a great deal of circumspection – and must go hand-in-hand with higher productivity and greater accountability.
So while it is certainly not our case that officials of CPSE be paid way below their private sector counterparts (and be open to poaching by the private sector), we are emphatic that higher salaries cannot be divorced from performance. Unfortunately , that has seldom been the case in India. Whether it is state-owned airlines or telecom companies, there is little regard for customers. Competition has, doubtless, stirred them but their service standards still leave much to be desired.
It is, therefore, good that the government is, for the first time, introducing the concept of performance-related pay, something that is very much part of the salary structure in private sector companies. While ‘performance’ is often tough to measure, especially in CPSEs where profit is not the sole mandate, an appropriate measuring rod must be agreed upon if the exercise is not become a farce.
While the new pay scales are applicable to all 217 CPSEs, in practice officials of 151 profitable CPSEs alone will be benefited. This is because the higher wages and salaries are to be borne by the CPSEs and that automatically rules out loss-making enterprises. The intent is good.
On paper this should incentivise loss making CPSEs to improve their performance and their bottom lines. However, pricing decisions are often not left to CPSEs; rather they are dictated by government’s politico-economic concerns. So it is unfair to penalise the officials for no fault of their own. That’s a Catch-22 situation. But in an election year, we know which way it will be resolved!

Possibly Related Posts –                  


Six Pay Commission | Table of Content Other Interesting Posts

SALARY CALCULATORS for 6th Pay Commission

Subscribe to Tarun Reflex | Personal,Political and Technical by Email

Pay parity for armed forces a difficult task: Govt

With the armed forces insisting on a pay hike, the government has said it is “very difficult” to maintain a balance in salaries of government servants doing varied jobs.“It is a very difficult exercise. Because it is not just a question of ensuring that people get better salaries. It is also a question of parities…. balances,” Cabinet Secretary K M Chandrasekhar said in an interview.
He was responding to a question on what steps the government was contemplating in view of the armed forces’ demand for pay parity.
Chandrasekhar said issues become more complicated when people start feeling that they are being discriminated against by the Pay Commission recommendations.

“It is very difficult when people feel that this chap has got more than me…that feeling is there. So, to maintain that kind of balance…. it is very difficult,” he said.
The Cabinet Secretary said the ministerial committee headed by External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee, who had held both Defence and Finance portfolios earlier, was working on to find out a solution to the demands of the defence forces.
The armed forces have recently strongly conveyed to the government that there should be “no dilution” on their demands for pay parity.
This comes in the wake of reports that the government was trying to find a “middle path” to break the deadlock over the armed forces’ demands that included placing Army Lieutenant Colonels and their equivalents in the Navy and Air Force in Pay Band-4.

The Cabinet Secretary said when the armed forces raised the issue of pay parity, the Committee of Secretaries took up it immediately and deliberated on how to find a solution to it for the satisfaction of the defence personnel.
“When the armed forces raised the issue, we sat together at the official level with Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister (P M Nair) and decided that the best thing would be to request the higher level.
So we requested the External Affairs Minister because he was both Defence and Finance Minister earlier and could consult Defence Minister and Finance Minister and give his views,” he said.
Chandrasekhar said a “large majority” of government officials, including the Group C and Group D employees, accepted the Pay Commission recommendations and were “more or less satisfied“.
“I do not have too many complaints and whatever complaints are there, we have created a mechanism. We got the anomaly committee, we got a fast track committee to look into those issues,” he said.

Highlighting the difficult task carried out by the 6th Pay Commission while framing the recommendations, Chandrasekhar said they had to make a huge change in the structure.
“See normally we used to get pay scales. Here we have gone away from pay scales to the Pay Band structure, which is entirely different structure. So, to maintain the parity was pretty difficult. But still I think we did a pretty good job,” he said.

November 25, 2008

Its politics!

Despite having inherited economy in a shambles, the Uttar Pradesh government led by Mayawati seems to have favoured 18 lakh employees and teachers over 18 crore people of the state.
The government on Thursday announced that it would implement the new pay scale for 8,00,000 employees, 6,00,000 teachers and 4,00,000 pensioners, which would put heavy burden on the state exchequer.
The new scales as recommended by the 6th Pay Commission would be implemented from January 01, 2009, just a few months before the general elections. As a result the employees and teachers alone would consume over Rs 33,600 crore a year.
Simply put, the new pay structure would touch state annual plan size of Rs 35,000 crore leaving little in the coffer for development and welfare works for the people who have been electing governments with great dreams in their eyes.
The elections would be decisive for Chief Minister Mayawati, who is in a hurry to conquer Delhi.
The chief minister had in fact announced in the Assembly in August the implementation of the 6th Pay Commission recommendations with effect from December 1 this year while the arrears would be paid from January 1, 2006. It was expected that it would create an additional financial burden of Rs 5189 crore per annum on the state exchequer. The state government would incur an additional financial burden of Rs 14,775 crore to pay the arrears.
Now, the government has asked officials to rework the details of the burden on the exchequer and figure out how to generate resources for the purpose.
The hurry with which the new pay scale was announced without going into its impact on the people and the state clearly showed that the country’s biggest state continued to crumble under the burden of politics. It did not matter who the ruler was. Just six months before the new pay and perks were announced with retrospective effect from January 2006, the government had presented its annual budget for year 2008-09 in which revenue deficit was estimated at Rs 1, 11,698 crore. The government had also announced 212 new projects involving Rs 12801.18 crore.
It was only because of too much of politics that despite 40 million tonnes of food production, over 30 per cent of state’s 17 crore people hardly get a one-time meal, not necessarily full of nutrition. According to the Planning Commission’s first-ever ‘UP Development Report’ (2001-2003), though UP could claim to be the largest producer of food grains in the country, the yield and per capita production was much lower than other states. Besides, according to this report, during the post-reform period the real GSDP in the undivided UP had an average annual growth of 4.22 per cent as against the all-India figure of 6.3 per cent.
‘During the most recent period of 2001-02 to 2002-03, the average annual growth has just been about 2.24 per cent. Likewise, the per capita income was also 47 per cent of national figure (Rs 11,856 against Rs 21,373). Tragically, the gap was just 17.2 per cent in 1980-81 to almost 47.7 per cent in 2002-03’.
An overdose of politics has caused retarded growth of the state. Four months ago the Mayawati government in collaboration with UNICEF brought out ‘The State of Children of Uttar Pradesh’, the first-ever such document in the country and it revealed the condition of children in the state was worse than that of the children living in sub-Saharan Africa. The report disclosed that while the state was home of 52 per cent of the severely malnutritioned children, the all-India figure was 43. It also revealed that while the percentage of malnutrition among children was just 35% in the least developing world, the figure for sub-Saharan Africa was meagre 28 per cent. South Asia as whole has 42 per cent compared to 26% in the developing countries.
One does not need to be an economist to understand why (according to the Annual India Today survey) among all the states UP ranked 16th in agriculture, 8th in consumer market, 14th in infrastructure development and 9th in governance.
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